PAULA BUSTOS

 

Associate Professor
CEMFI

     

CV [Download PDF]

Google Scholar Profile [Link]

 

CONTACT INFORMATION

Address: Casado del Alisal  5, 28014 Madrid.
Office: 3rd floor, office 4.
Phone: +34 91 429 2178
Email: paula.bustos@cemfi.es

 

PUBLICATIONS

Trade Liberalization, Exports and Technology Upgrading: Evidence on the Impact of MERCOSUR on Argentinean Firms [Download PDF]
American Economic Review, 101 (1), 2011, 304-340.

Agricultural Productivity and Structural Transformation. Evidence from Brazil [Download PDF]
with B. Caprettini and J. Ponticelli.
American Economic Review, 106 (6), 2016, 1320-1365.
[Appendix]

 

WORKING PAPERS

Capital Accumulation and Structural Transformation. [Download PDF]
with G. Garber and J. Ponticelli.
Revise and resubmit, Quarterly Journal of Economics.

The Impact of Trade Liberalization on Skill Upgrading: Evidence from Argentina [Download PDF]
Revise and resubmit, Review of Economics and Statistics.

Sources of Comparative Advantage in Polluting Industries [Download PDF],
with F. Broner and V. Carvalho.
Revise and resubmit, Journal of the European Economic Association.

Labor-Saving Agricultural Technical Change and Industrial Development [Download PDF]
with J.M. Castro Vicenzi, J. Monras and J. Ponticelli.

FDI as a Source of Finance in Imperfect Capital Markets: Firm-Level Evidence from Argentina [Download PDF]

 

WORK IN PROGRESS

ERC Starting Grant “Economic Development and Structural Transformation”

Abstract: The early development literature documented that the growth path of most advanced economies was accompanied by a process of structural transformation. As economies develop, the share of agriculture in employment falls and workers migrate to cities to find employment in the industrial and service sectors [Clark (1940), Kuznets (1957)]. In the first industrialized countries, technical improvements in agriculture favored the development of industry and services by releasing labor, increasing demand and raising profits to finance other activities. However, several scholars noted that the positive effects of agricultural productivity on economic development are no longer operative in open economies. In addition, there is a large theoretical literature highlighting how market failures can retard structural transformation in developing countries. In particular, financial frictions might constrain the reallocation of capital and thus retard the process of labor reallocation. In this project, we propose to contribute to our understanding of structural transformation by providing direct empirical evidence on the effects of exogenous shocks to local agricultural and manufacturing productivity on the reallocation of capital and labor across sectors, firms and space in Brazil. For this purpose, we construct the first data set that permits to jointly observe labor and credit flows across sectors and space. To exploit the spatial dimension of the capital allocation problem, we design a new empirical strategy which exploits the geographical structure of bank branch networks. Similarly, we propose to study the spatial dimension of the labor allocation problem by exploiting differences in migration costs across regions due to transportation and social networks.